for MRI-based TMS Neuronavigation
In traditional TMS studies the coil is positioned over the head using external landmarks and measurements or by trial and error until the desired response (finger twitch for example) is generated. However in recent years and with the improvement of stereotactic techniques, navigated TMS or Neuronavigation is now possible allowing the TMS coil to be navigated and positioned over a specified target location based upon an individuals MRI image or MRI generated 3D curvilinear reconstruction of the brain. Targets for stimulation can then be identified in numerous ways:
- manually by selecting and highlighting the desired structure / locations within the brain, or
- by combining anatomical MRI images with areas of activity highlighted with fMRI, EEG or NIRS.
Specification of the Brainsight® TMS Navigation
Integration with NEURO PRAX® TMS/tES
France-based Axilum Robotics have developed an innovative system that allows for accurate and safe placement, tracking and recording of a TMS stimulating coil during a TMS experiment or treatment session, together with the Brainsight TMS Navigation system.