What is ADHD?
ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - an impaired ability to concentrate, impulsiveness and/or an excessive urge to move are typical symptoms of ADHD. Sometimes the disorder is not associated with hyperactivity and is then known as ADD. Usually doctors try to control these symptoms with the help of medications such as Ritalin or Concerta. However, these medications only treat the symptoms and are often accompanied by undesirable side effects. Furthermore, it is well known that these medications have limited long-term effect, with their efficacy decreasing over time. Attention deficit disorder is usually seen for the first time in children or youth yet may also be present in adulthood. Because of this, only few adults are correctly diagnosed and treated. In such cases mood swings, restlessness, anxiety, chronic lateness, forgetfulness, low self esteem and relationship problems can be signs of attention deficit disorder.
What causes ADHD?
The causes and emergence of ADHD are not fully understood. Research results show that there is a genetic component to this illness. Experts believe that hereditary factors combined with pregnancy and birth complications can trigger a functional disturbance in the brain. Furthermore, recent research has suggested a link between sleep problems and ADHD.